China

China

China Telephones :. Phone China
China.org.cn China news, weather, business, travel, language courses, archives
China entry at
The World Factbook
China from UCB Libraries GovPubs
China at the
Open Directory Project
Wikimedia Atlas of China
travel guide Wikitravel
China information from the U.S.
Department of State
U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of China Economic Area
Capital Beijing (北京) : 39°55′N 116°23′E / 39.917°N 116.383°E / 39.917; 116.383
Largest city Shanghai (上海)
Official language(s) Standard Mandarin (de facto
Official scripts Simplified Chinese
Demonym Chinese
Government Single-party state
Democratic centralism, Unitary state, Socialist state, Communist state
President Hu Jintao
Premier Wen Jiabao
NPCSC Chairman Wu Bangguo
CPPCC Chairman Jia Qinglin
Legislature National People's Congress
Establishment: - People's Republic of China proclaimed. 1 October 1949
Area: - Total 9,640,821 km2 [c] or 9,671,018 km2[c](3rd/4th) - 3,704,427 sq mi - Water (%) 2.8[c]
Population: - 2010 estimate 1,338,612,968[4] (1st) - 2000 census 1,242,612,226 - Density 139.6/km2 (53rd) 363.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2009 estimate: - Total $8.767 trillion[5] (2nd) - Per capita $6,549 (97th)
GDP (nominal) 2009 estimate - Total $4.911 trillion[6] (3rd) - Per capita $3,696 (98th)
Gini (2007) 47.0[7]
HDI (2007) ▲ 0.772[8] (medium) (91nd)
Currency Chinese yuan (¥) (CNY)
Time zone China Standard Time (UTC+8)
Date formats yyyy-mm-dd or yyyy年m月d日 (CE; CE-1949)
Drives on the right, except for Hong Kong & Macau
Internet TLD .cn[b]
Calling code +86[b]
Provinces (省)
Anhui (安徽)
Fujian (福建)
Gansu (甘肃)
Guangdong (广东)
Guizhou (贵州)
Hainan (海南)
Hebei (河北)
Heilongjiang (黑龙江)
Henan (河南)
Hubei (湖北)
Hunan (湖南)
Jiangsu (江苏)
Jiangxi (江西)
Jilin (吉林)
Liaoning (辽宁)
Qinghai (青海)
Shaanxi (陕西)
Shandong (山东)
Shanxi (山西)
Sichuan (四川)
Taiwan (台湾)
Yunnan (云南)
Zhejiang (浙江)
Political divisions of the PRC - Taiwan is claimed by the PRC but administered by the
Republic of China -
Autonomous regions (自治区) - Municipalities (直辖市) - Special Administrative Regions (特别行政区)
Guangxi (广西壮族自治区)
Inner Mongolia (内蒙古自治区)
Ningxia (宁夏回族自治区)
Xinjiang (新疆维吾尔自治区)
Tibet (西藏自治区)
Beijing (北京市)
Chongqing (重庆市)
Shanghai (上海市)
Tianjin (天津市)
Hong Kong (香港特別行政區)
Macau (澳門特別行政區)
Shanghai -
Shanghai Municipality - 9,495,701 - 18,542,200 -
East
Beijing -
Beijing Municipality - 7,296,962 - 17,430,000 -
North
Hong Kong -
Hong Kong SAR - 7,000,000 - 7,000,000 -
South
Tianjin -
Tianjin Municipality - 5,066,129 - 11,500,000 -
North
Wuhan -
Hubei Province - 4,488,892 - 9,400,000 -
Central
Guangzhou -
Guangdong Province - 4,154,808 - 15,000,000 -
South
Shenzhen -
Guangdong Province - 4,000,000 - 8,615,500 -
South
Shenyang -
Liaoning Province - 3,981,023 - 7,500,000 -
Northeast
Chongqing -
Chongqing Municipality - 3,934,239 - 31,442,300 -
Southwest
Nanchang -
Jiangxi Province - 3,790,000 - 4,990,184 -
East
Nanjing -
Jiangsu Province - 2,822,117 - 7,100,000 -
East
Harbin -
Heilongjiang Province - 2,672,069 - 8,499,000 -
Northeast
Xi'an -
Shaanxi Province - 2,588,987 - 10,500,000 -
Northwest
Chengdu -
Sichuan Province - 2,341,203 - 11,300,000 -
Southwest
Changchun -
Jilin Province - 2,223,170 - 7,400,000 -
Northeast
Dalian -
Liaoning Province - 2,118,087 - 6,200,000 -
Northeast
Hangzhou -
Zhejiang Province - 1,932,612 - 7,000,000 -
East
Jinan -
Shandong Province - 1,917,204 - 6,300,000 -
East
Taiyuan -
Shanxi Province - 1,905,403 - 3,413,800 -
North
Qingdao -
Shandong Province - 1,867,365 - 8,000,000 -
East
Suburban and rural area excluded on urban population - Estimated -
Urban Leading Urban Centers of the People's Republic of China
References: See also other Names of China. - Information for mainland China only. Hong Kong, Macau and territories under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China, commonly known as Taiwan, are excluded. - 9,598,086 km2 excludes all disputed territories. 9,640,821 km2 Includes PRC-administered area (Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract, both territories claimed by India), Taiwan is not included.
List of Ethnic groups: 92% Han; 55 recognised minorities - 91.6% Han - 1.30% Zhuang - 0.86% Manchu - 0.79% Uyghur - 0.79% Hui - 0.72% Miao - 0.65% Yi - 0.62% Tujia - 0.47% Mongol - 0.44% Tibetan - 0.26% Buyei - 0.15% Korean - 1.05% other
provinces2 China 2017